The Kerala Ministry of Health (via media) reports a continuing outbreak of Nipah virus infection in Kozhikode, the second-largest city in the state of Kerala. As of 15 September 2023, 4 people are undergoing care for Nipah virus and another 2 have died recently.
Nipah virus infection (NiV) is a rare zoonotic cause of acute, severe neurological or respiratory disease in humans in parts of South East Asia.
The virus is transmitted mainly from having contact with secretions and tissues of infected domestic animals, or from ingestion of food or fruit juices contaminated with virus-infected fruit bat saliva or urine. Person-to-person transmission can occur.
The risk to the vast majority of travellers is very low; there have been no recorded cases in travellers. The risk of NiV should be discussed with travellers:
Travellers should be advised to:
See the TRAVAX Nipah Virus page for further information.